Go Green!external image earth-eco-icon-1.jpg

Reduce - Reuse - Recycle
It's important to let people know that we HAVE to start taking care of our Earth, I mean if we don't do it who else will?


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Our carelessness also affects animals!!! Start caring!



Consequences If We Don't Take Action!

OUR FUTURE COULD END BEFORE IT EVEN STARTS!!!!!!!
People might think that one person can't make a difference or matter since they think it's not going to affect the world, but they are wrong. Just here in the United States there is 307,212,123 people!! Imagine the whole world! It is a lot and if we can all work together we can save ourselves and Earth. Don't you want your future family to live? If you do this , it's an amazing way to get informed and take action.



Pollution

There are many types of pollution. Three big ones are air pollution, water pollution and land pollution. Other huge pollutions are: light pollution, noise pollution, oil pollution, and mercury pollution. We should all be very familiar with all theses pollutions, since Chicago is polluted by most of these. different types of pollution


Pollution

There are many types of pollution. Three big ones are air pollution, water pollution and land pollution. Other huge pollutions are: light pollution, noise pollution, oil pollution, and mercury pollution. We should all be very familiar with all theses pollutions, since Chicago is polluted by most of these. differnt types of pollution

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Air pollution can be broken down into two kinds of air pollution: outdoors, and indoors. And then these two can be broken down into many other air pollutions.

Outdoors

Outdoor pollution can include smokes and fumes that are let out by factories, cars, and other products that are found in everyday homes. Smog is a major type of outdoor air pollution. It is a mixture of smoke and fog. It is caused by chemicals and pollutants usually from automobile exhaust and industrial emissions.


Indoors

Indoor pollution is worse than outdoor pollution by 25 to 62 percent. Indoors pollution effects many different people like the older people and young kids. :There are short-term health effects as well as long-term health effects:

Short-term Health Effects:

  • irritation in eyes, irritation in nose, irritation in throat, pneumonia, headaches, nausea, and allergies.

Long-term Health Effects:

  • lung cancer, respiratory disease, heart disease, damage in the brain, damage in the nerves, damage in the liver, or damage in the kidneys.

Types of Indoor pollutions:

  • Tabacco smoke, cooking, and heat appliances are some of the indoor pollutions.
  • Vapors from paint and furniture.
  • But the most dangerous air pollutant is cigarette smoke, causing lung cancer, irritation in nose, throat...etc.
Causes: Serious health problem (scroll up to view health effects).

Land Pollution

Here are some main land pollutions, all man made (though a very small percentage of land pollution is naturally caused). They include: agriculture, garbage and waste.

Agriculture:

Agriculture pollutes the land, because farmers add chemicals to the soil for nutrients for the crops, and use weed killers to kill weeds (which is toxic for the environment).

Effect:

Plants take in these chemicals and die (contributes to global warming), or are eaten my animals--poisoning them and killing animals in our environment, when many of them are already extinct. And even worse, we eat those plants, so....we get sick, get intoxicated, die, etc. (Not fun =/ )

Garbage

Garbage is another cause of land pollution. We, humans, produce tons and tons of garbage ever year--every day!! We produce, so much, there's no where to put this junk, so we make land fills. Landfills are flammable, a hazard to the atmosphere, land (and environment in general). And sometimes these landfills leak into our underground water and is a main contributor of water pollution as well.

Waste

There is also a lot of waste. Waste shouldn't be burned because it pollutes the atmosphere. And waster shouldn't be thrown into the ocean because it pollutes the waters.


Global Warming

Global Warming is defined as the increase of the average temperature on Earth. As the Earth is getting hotter, disasters like hurricanes, droughts and floods are getting more frequent. Over the last 100 years, the average temperature of the air near the Earth´s surface has risen a little less than 1° Celsius. Does not seem all that much? It is responsible for the conspicuous increase in storms, floods and raging forest fires we have seen in the last ten years. For more information about global warming and everyday life click this link.

What is going to happen?

Global warming is not only about how much the Earth is warming, it is also about how fast it is warming. There have always been natural climate changes – Ice Ages and the warm intermediate times between them – but those evolved over periods of 50,000 to 100,000 years.
A temperature rise as fast as the one we have seen over the last 30 years has never happened before, as far as scientists can ascertain. Moreover, normally the Earth should now be in a cool-down-period, according to natural effects like solar cycles and volcano activity, not in a heating-up phase.
Although some areas of Earth will become wetter due to global warming, other areas will suffer serious droughts and heat waves. Africa will receive the worst of it, with more severe droughts also expected in Europe. Water is already a dangerously rare commodity in Africa, and according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, global warming will exacerbate the conditions and could lead to conflicts and war.


Consequences [Madeline]

Climate has changed in the past and human societies have survived, as said by the Environmental Defense Fund "six billion people depend on interconnected ecosystems and complex technological infrastructure." there are many myths told about the causes and effects of global warming. A truth is that the global warming we are experiencing at this moment is not natural the people are the ones causing it.

Animal Extinction

The melting of the ice and glaciers leave the Polar Bears no where to go
The melting of the ice and glaciers leave the Polar Bears no where to go

Effects on Animals

Helping out and going green has an effect on animals because the land is their habitat. If we pollute and destroy the earth, the animals will become endangered or extinct! For example, because of global warming, Polar Bears are becoming an endangered species. The Arctic is slowly melting and the Polar Bears have no were to go. There are many serious cases just like this around the world. We need to help save these animals. The loss of glaciers not only directly causes landslides, flash floods and glacial lake overflow, but also increases annual variation in water flows in rivers. Glacier runoff declines in the summer as glaciers decrease in size, this decline is already observable in several regions.

History of Extinctions

What should be taken into consideration is that extinction is a normal process of life. Many species often go extinct due to climate changes, or not being able to adapt to their environment. What is causing an increase in animal extinctions though, is pollution of the air, littering, and destroying a species natural habitat.
One of the main causes of species extinction or endangerment are habitat destruction, commercial exploitation (such as plant collecting, hunting, and trade in animal parts), and of course, we can't forget pollution. Direct habitat destruction is one of the greatest threats to the number of species. The human population has grown at a very fast pace in the last 200 years. This can also be a factor to animal extinction. The more expansion of people, the more space they take out, meaning more habitats are being torn down to make space for housing. For more information about endangered species and extinction click this link.


Types of Animals Extinct

There have been many extinctions of species over the past couple of decades. The greatest cause for these extinctions was either due to global warming/climate change, or over hunting. These species no longer roam the Earth, and humans had a helping hand in their extinction! Below are a list of species that have gone extinct over the past centuries:
*The English Wolf - became extinct in England (1486), Scotland (1743), and Ireland (1770).
*Dodo - was killed off in 1681. This was one of the extinctions do to over hunting.
*Eastern Hare - wallaby - from Australia, went extinct in 1890).
*Japanese Wolf - from Japan, went extinct in the 1930's.
*Tasmanian Tiger - from Austrialia, died out in September of 1936 at Hobart Zoo.
*Passenger Pigeon - from Cincinnati, Ohio, died out in September 1914. This extinction occurred due to over hunting.
*Golden Toad - from Monteverde, Costa Rica, died out in 1989 . This extinction was due to global warming, and climate change.
For more, here is a link to a complete list of animal extinctions.

Recycling

Have you ever heard of the three R's? Well you should, the most common reason why people don't try to save our planet is because they think they can't do anything but that's not true! People should go down to the basics, there's always reduce, reuse and recycle. These things may seem like they can't do much but you would be surprised at the outcome not many. Recycling involves processing used materials into new products in order to prevent waste of potentially useful materials, reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials.

Electronics

Many people might not think about recycling old electronic gadgets, but it's important to recycle as much as we can. Some electronic devices also have chemicals inside them which can come out in a landfill and pollute groundwater. There are many options for re-using old electronics. Best Buy, for instance, will give you a ten dollar gift certificate to turn in old electronics with them. Here are other tips on recycling old electronic items.

Saving Energy

Tips for being Eco-friendly


1) Ride your bike, take public transportation, carpool with people, or drive slower!
this saves energy and fuel.
2) Use the 3 R's Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle!
Try using less plastic, and if you go grocery shopping and get many bags, reuse them!
After drinking water bottles or cans you can recycle them so it can be reused! You can even think about buying a mice plastic or metal water bottle that you can reuse over and over again! This way your not spending money on thin plastic water bottles that you eventually throw out and your helping save our environment! Its a investment you might want to think about!
3) Keep your cats indoors!
Why? because cats kill over one billion small birds and animals per year!
4) Save energy! Turn off your lights and television whenever you leave your house!
5) Try buying rechargeable batteries to save energy!
6) Using plastic bags as lunch bags will help carry your things and it'll help the environment too!
7) Recycle your cans and bottles too!

Campaigns


If you are willing to help save our Earth check these websites out! You can become part of these campaigns by signing up and taking action!
Campaigns Website

Environmental Campaign Center
Save the Earth Campaign



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A similation to the models scientist use.

Discoveries

Scientists use climate models to predict the changes in weather. Since no one is perfect the models are not always effective. Professionals take months even years interpreting and making predictions for the weather and Earth itself.



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Wiki Links

Alarmism






Madeline Martinez
Vanessa Roman
Alexandra Lopez
Lucia Lopez
Juliet Mak
Janet Martinez